Every economy has an obligation to reduce its environmental footprint by producing and providing quality and reliable products and services at a reasonable cost. It requires Research and Development of significant factors of the country that are essential for its proper functioning and providing energy for its process implementation. The authority of a country should participate in the research activities and mission-critical teaching programs to get more awareness about energy sustainability. The principles of energy sustainability are as follows:
- Access to Energy refers to the availability of resources or energy to be used for a certain purpose. The geopolitical stability of overall world can be achieved only if there is the accessibility of energy for every economy in the ample amount. Many countries rely or depend upon other countries to access energy which is not that friendly. The countries can’t get future security for sustainable energy supply. Because energy is significant for improving day to day life of people of the country and if there will be any interruption in the supply the processes will get slow down and affect the overall economy. To maintain the power of an economy in the world, the accessibility of energy is a must.
- Affordability: The availability of energy will be significant if it is available at reasonable prices. The country can maintain its competitiveness in the world market if the energy or resources are available at affordable prices. Even for the well- being and health of natives of the country, it is necessary. The option of abundant resources at lowest cost enable the economy to grow in the cutthroat competition of the international market. Thus the sustainable portfolio option requires value driven from the energy and cost incurred on it.
- Responsibility: it is the collective responsibility of every native of the country to take care of resources such as air, land, and water. The long term sustainability of the country can be achieved through limited supply of the resources; the overall country will use it according to limited supply. The abundance has no significance. If a certain country has the accessibility of energy and affords it appropriately, it must use it responsibly to achieve sustainability and better growth and development.
Water Sustainability is the management of waste generated out of processes and operations performed by a certain economy. Waste to energy is the new principle using by all the countries to resolve the waste problems of the country. In other words, the waste must be recycled or reused for other purposes, where it could be used. It will reduce the overall cost of the economy and encourage better waste management practices for overall environmental protection.
It means waste can create value for the economy and is no longer remain as a waste. The waste sustainability is possible in 4 ways of an effective management plan which are as follows:
- Management of sustainable materials: The economy must encourage the proper management of waste material that can be used for sustainability. It requires an evaluation of all the resources and the processes to recycle it. The proper analysis will provide the basis for using such resources in a much efficient manner. The manner of using such material in different stages of the manufacturing process will allow the process to be completed without generating high wastage.
- Planning at every step: The proper waste management is possible if it is considered at each and every step of production or manufacturing. Each step of a process adds some value to it. The significance of the added value can be taken if it does not residue any waste. Thus, sustainability requires the ability to plan each step appropriately that it could not generate any waste.
- Collaborate with others: A particular country can collaborate with other countries to manage the waste generating in the process of their manufacturing. Countries are collaborating with each other to supply goods and services to satisfy the needs and wants of people of each other. Thus, if they can collaborate for the value, so it is the responsibility of both the countries to manage the waste generated to provide value out of it.
Avoid landfills: Every country has its own set of rules and regulations to manage the waste, which must specify the diversion rate of each step of the recycling process to know the quantity of material to be used as the recyclable product for Sustainability of the overall economy.