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Ethical Issues in Information and Communication Technology

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Information technology has become crucial part of everyone’s lives. It faces some real ethical issues and challenges, and it is up to IT experts and users of information technology to be prepared for these challenges. As progress in the field of IT grows increasingly, a large part of IT experts and customers have no idea how to address the difficulties that arise from these technologies. Information technology face considerable difficulties, such as lack of privacy, security, copyright infringement, and widespread computer violations. Criminals take advantages of many technologies that offer a loophole into the system. Because Information technology helps significantly in speed, transmission, and access to data, cybercrime have also become a constantly growing challenge into this sector. Numerous organizations and associations have the risk of becoming a miserable cyber victim constantly.

There is also the risk of unfaithfulness or vengeful employees who can use information technologies to pursue their own objectives that can be harmful to the association. This is not terrible in itself, but the way in which people use the tools provided by Information technology can brought some real difficulties.

Some of the ethical challenges associated with information technology are listed below:

Security issues: With the help of available tools, the hackers found that hacking any computer or network is extremely simple as long as it is connected to the network. Cyber criminals can use the Internet Protocol (IP) address easily in order to access the client's computer and gather personal and sensitive information for their selfish reason.

Privacy issues: As much as Information technology has allowed us to share and discover important information on the web. It has also exploited everyone’s privacy. There are multiple ways to affect the privacy of users. One of them is the use of webcams; the expert PC users can turn on any webcam of any computer on the network and get closer to their private life.

Digital Divide: Information technology has many opportunities and shaped many organization in developed countries. However, developed nations is experiencing problems related to obtaining similar benefits from information technology. To obtain these benefits, they must prepare their work, and clients must receive a new culture that is slight costly in these developing countries. In some remote regions that have no electricity, they cannot use tools for Information technology, such as PCs. In several parts, such as Education, the great majority of developing countries have an old and deficient education systems, so students will not know the new advances in the information technology.

Copyright Infringement: Information technologies have made it easier for users to access any kind of data or information at any time. Thanks to the improved improvement of music sharing systems and the placement of bookmarks for photos, many unique creators of this work are losing the credibility of their work, because IT customers can obtain information without any effort and offer this information to his companions.

Increased burden on IT experts: As the Information technology systems are required to run all the time to ensure the accuracy and availability of the system. Numerous organizations that need to work 24 hours will require a reserve IT group that will provide solutions for any problems that may arise during the task. This burden causes excessive pressure and workload, which leads to imperfections several times.

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