Problem Tree: Definition, Functioning and Tutorial

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The problem tree is one of the important components that help in providing an insight into the causes and effect of the identified problem within the project. It is of utmost significance because it gives a way to plan the behavior change or community engagement with the project context establishment. With the rise in the understanding of the context of the project, one can decrease the life complexities which is required to take the project’s success.

The main components of the problem tree are the writing causes in a negative form. Examples are having an insufficient amount of money, lack of knowledge etc. In order to get the reverse results, all is required is replacing the negative statements with positive ones. This would result in the generation of a solution tree. The features of the solution tree such as end-relationships in contrast to the use of the causes and effects of a problem in the case of a problem tree make it helpful in the progress of the project as it paves the way for the range of projects needed to solve the core problem.

What does a problem tree do?

There are several advantages of a problem tree. These are as follows-

a. Identifies the multiple causes of the problem and give an idea of the project’s complexity
b. Helps in the project’s planning
c. Requirement, goals and the results of the project are its components
d. One can get a detailed outline of the planning of the project

How to complete a problem tree?

Project proponent and other stakeholders complete a problem tree. The development of the problem tree should be informed by a literature review and stakeholder analysis. Some of the requirements of the generation of the problem tree project designer, relevant stakeholders, implementation team, the required number of hours, specialized software such as MSVisio, DoView, facilitator.

Steps for the development of a problem tree are as follows

1. Identifying the problem

Every project has a specific issue or a problem which has to be solved with the help of the stakeholders. The first step is identifying the problem and seeking out ways of overcoming them. We all know that every problem has meaningful and effective causes. Write those problems on a sticky note and paste on the middle of the paper. Lessons and teachings from the previous issues help in the eased identification of a problem.

2. Identification of the causes and effects of the problem

Write the causes of the statement in negative terms, can be done by collectively brainstorming all the negative statements about the problem. Then the facilitator should write down the negative statements and then placed on a wall in order to let the participants reorder and analyze. Place the immediate causes below the core problem, whereas, the effects are to be placed above the problem.

3. Developing a solution tree

Another name of the solution tree- objectives. These can be developed by reversing the negative statements into the positive ones.

4. Selection of the appropriate intervention

In the last step, select a proper strategy for the intervention allowing the project design to select as well as focus on the same.