Role of Methodology in Project Management

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Methodology: Definition and Basic Concept

Methodology is basically defined as a system of broad principles or rules which from which specific method or procedure can be derived to interpret or solve the different problems within the scope of a particular discipline. Along with this it is also stated as the combination of logically related practices, methods a processes that determine that how best to plan, develop, control and deliver any project throughout the continuous implementation process until the successful completion and termination. Methodologies are used in project management in order to provide standardized structure as well as organized working methods to process all the activities.

Role of methodology in Project Management

Methodology plays an essential role in project management as it allows to control all the project management activities with the help of an effective problem solving and decision making process which are being practiced within the organization. Along with this, the project management methodology is also responsible for guiding all the project managers of the organization to accurately implement and execute project management plan which is required for designing of a project. The different type of methodologies which are basically used for successful development of project are as follows:

  • Agile methodology
  • RAID
  • Waterfall methodology
  • Iterative methodology
  • Agile scrum methodology
  • Prototyping model

Agile methodology

Agile methodology supports iteration of development and testing phases throughout the project lifecycle. This model involves sequential, linear and iterative approach. It involves processing of the project by breaking it up into several steps and involves continuous collaboration with customer also it includes improvement at each phase. The main aim of this model is to fulfill the stakeholder’s specifications. The processing of agile model involves different phases such as: define, build and release. In this model customer’s verification is needed after the completion of each phase. This methodology is known for its flexibility and due to this ability it allows the customer to make changes during the processing of the project. This methodology is collection of different projects in which there is integration of different phases that focuses on overall software quality. The Agile is a highly collaborative software development process which leads to better team participation and faster solution to the problems. This methodology introduces “product mindset” that involves satisfaction of the end customers and changes the product according to the customer’s convenience

Waterfall methodology

This model is linear and sequential approach for various Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). The steps in this model progresses in a logical manner similar to the flow of water. The progress of project management in this model is divided into separate phases, in which outcome of one phase is used as an input by the next phase in the sequence. The development of one phase depends upon the completion of previous phase. The waterfall model consists of seven non-overlapping stages that are as follows: requirement, analysis, design, implementation, testing, operation and maintenance. It is the only model that involves specific documentation of the project including fixed requirements, sample resource and established timeline