The competitiveness and success of any business in the market completely relies on the secure system to protect its valuable assets from the rival and other competitors. Previously, the assets and resources of the organizations were materialistic, which, in now-a-days, have turned into computer files and programs which have the information regarding the corporate formulas, values, figures, agreements, trades and secrets, sales and customer along with the economic and financial status. The overall confidential information must be protected and this is where the information security field steps in. The information security term itself is a diverse term, which incorporate the various strategy and uses the sophisticated software and computer programming in order to protect the important information from getting hacked or breached. The primary purpose of this is to protect the systems, data or information from vulnerabilities of the external threats by corporate rules and legal violation, while it also maintains the integrity of the organizations. The information security is tested and installed on the basis of the business and the kind of information like analyzing any breach or threat into the organizations’ computer files or online database. Further, data encryption is an unreadable form, and a secure method to protect the transmission of data across the internet. Apart from that, at the administrative and management level, information security agrees to the execution rules, which should be appropriately governed and also within the organization, every individual must comply with this. The information security handles the corporate data management, vulnerability management data protection, cloud computing and security of specific program (Naicker & Mafaiti, 2019).
Explain the responsible person for the Information security implementation.
There are primarily three responsible people for the successful implementation of information security:
Information security program manager
As the designation itself defines the job, it is the selected candidate who will be responsible to coordinate and overlook with the programmers and technical teams to ensure that all the client’s and customer requirements are being met and completely understood. The manager must possess leadership skills and time management skills includes ability to meet the guidelines along with quality work. The person must have knowledge and strong command of the information terminologies, concepts and protocols. Moreover, the organization deal with the six major domain of the information security, which include training and governance, identity and access, adoption, monitoring and vulnerability management. The information security program manager has the degree of information security management along with the strong knowledge of risk assessment and security on computer science. He also has the knowledge on technical aspects related to the excellent communication and information technology. Besides, he also has knowledge and skills of presentation along with verbal and written information sharing.
Information system officer
Primarily, the information system officer manages the integrated information security, automation of various systems, handle the customer management, implement new programs and software in order to achieve better outcomes and performance. The officer has the responsibility to complete documentation of the information systems in context of their specifications and requirements. The officer is also responsible for the identification of various individuals to grant the access along with the development of the new security program, and also responsible to monitor the access to proprietary data. Besides, he also creates the software platforms for the existing functions integration that are somehow related to each other. Apart from testing the information system, coordination and communication among the clients and organization would be included in the responsibility of the information system officer. The important and basic requirement that present in the officer is in-depth knowledge and understanding of the information analysis, management, security and systems of the existing database and infrastructure (Jeong, Lee & Lim, 2018).
Purpose of information security
The primary purpose of the information security to preserve the availability, integrity and confidentiality of all the key information assets to effectively deliver strategic goals and to maintain the contractual and legal reputation and compliance of the organization. The information security framework is an allowing mechanism for information sharing and helps in reducing the information-related risk to acceptable levels. The scope of the information security covers the transmission, access and storage of information in the course of commission business. It, therefore, applies to the conduct of staff, suppliers, contractors and others with access to that information and equipment applications, systems, and premises which create store information, host, transmit and process, whether in-house personally owned or provided by external suppliers. The information security systematically evaluates the information security risks, taking, vulnerabilities, threats and impacts of an organization. implement and design a comprehensive and coherent suite of information security controls and other risk treatment form.
What are the objectives of Information security?
There are various objectives of information security which are defines as follows:
- Availability, integrity and confidentiality of systems and information is maintained.
- Relevant procedures exist to support the policies in place.
- Business continuity plans are tested, established and maintained.
- New services and systems are deployed in a secured and controlled manner.
- As much as possible the commission of information security avoids breaches of contractual, regulatory and legal requirements (Haqaf & Koyuncu, 2018).
- The information or data only accessible to the authorized and authenticated users from outside or within the organization and access level are defined by delegated authority and IAOs.
- Continual policies and processes audits are conducted to ensure the continuous improvement and review of the ISMS.
- All the breaches of the suspected weakness and information security are investigated and reported and proper actions are taken.
Haqaf, H., & Koyuncu, M. (2018). Understanding key skills for information security managers. International Journal Of Information Management, 43, 165-172. doi: 10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2018.07.013
Jeong, C., Lee, S., & Lim, J. (2018). Information security breaches and IT security investments: Impacts on competitors. Information & Management. doi: 10.1016/j.im.2018.11.003
Naicker, V., & Mafaiti, M. (2019). The establishment of collaboration in managing information security through multisourcing. Computers & Security, 80, 224-237. doi: 10.1016/j.cose.2018.10.005