MN501 Network Management in Organisations  Assessment and Tutor Proposal

Melbourne Institute of Technology


Ethical issues arising from the use of ICT technologies

Assessment No: 2

MN501|Network Management in Organisations

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MN501 Network Management in Organisations 

Network Management in Organisations


Task

Assignment Description

Students should form a group of three (3) students from the same laboratory class. You must not change the group membership unless approved by your tutor. Tutor will then allocate one of the topics listed in Table 1 to each group. 

All students must collaborate in this group assignment and contribute equally. Group leader should report their progress on a weekly basis to relevant tutor. Every student must participate in peer assessment on the Spark- Plus system.

Table 1: List of topics for Assignment-2.

Topic 1: Evolution of Professions

What is a profession? It is a trade, a business, or an occupation of which one professes to have extensive knowledge acquired through long years of experience and formal education and the autonomy and responsibility to make independent decisions in carrying out the duties of the profession. To profess is to make a public declaration, a claim of something. In the case of a professional that something is knowledge in the knowledge domain of that which makes up that occupation or trade. Webster’s dictionary similarly defines profession as “a: a calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive academic preparation b: a principal calling, vocation, or employment c: the whole body of persons engaged in a calling.”. Well-known professions are law, medicine, and engineering.

Professions and the people who profess the deep knowledge of the profession, we focus on four themes: (1) evolution of professions, (2) the making of an ethical professional, (3) the professional decision-making process, and (4) professionalism and ethical responsibilities. These four themes cover all the activities of a professional life. First, we look at the beginnings of professions, describe the characteristics of professionals, and discuss how these characteristics are supported by commitment, integrity, responsibility, and accountability. Also, guilt is our natural internal judgment system, punishing ourselves based on our moral standards or the group’s standards. So guilt, therefore, plays a crucial part in ethical decision making. In the decision-making process, guilt normally sets in right after the decision or a choice is made. And because guilt stays with the individual over a period of time, sometimes becoming cumulative, as we pointed out earlier, it may affect that individual’s future decisions. Its effects on future decision-making processes center round new values being attached to the premises of the input set to the decision function. A guilty person re-examines his or her value set attached to all premises that come into play in the decision-making process. Sometimes guilt produces doubt about the present values attached to the premises without producing new and better values. [Source: Kizza J.M. History of Computing. In: Ethical and Social Issues in the Information Age, 2010, Texts in Computer Science. Springer, London] Investigate and report on professionalism raised in this case and link your answers to the questions listed below:

Topic 2: Electronic Surveillance and the Bodyguard

Jon Kiggwe is a young aggressive entrepreneur, with a bright future. With several businesses doing well and a few start-ups with promising financial status, Jon is on his way to making a million dollars before his 25th birthday. Jon’s business meetings take him into tough neighbourhoods. So, for him to feel secure, Jon uses a team of professional security bodyguards to shadow him almost 24 hours a day.

In his big 10 million dollar home, Jon receives a stream of guests, including both business associates and friends. His bodyguards, besides keeping an eye on him, also see to the orderly arrival and departure of the guests. Because of this, the bodyguards keep a permanent office and sleeping quarters at Jon’s mansion.

Without informing them, Jon installed video recording and listening gadgets in the guards’ office and sleeping quarters to record their every conversation and movement. He feels safe that way! [Source: Kizza J.M. History of Computing. In: Ethical and Social Issues in the Information Age, 2010, Texts in Computer Science. Springer, London]

  1. Define professionalism and list three elements of professionalism.
  2. Why are the following concepts important for professionalism? Justify your answers.

    Commitment, Integrity, Responsibility and Accountability

  3. What role does guilt play in professional decision making? Why it is so important?
  4. Investigate and report on IT surveillance and social implications raised in this case and link your answers to the questions listed below:
    • Is Jon violating any law?
    • Do the bodyguards have any right to privacy on Jon’s premises?
    • Does Jon have a right to know what the bodyguards are doing in his house?

    Topic 3: Biometrics Technology

    A biometric itself is a physical or psychological trait that can be measured, recorded, and quantified. Such traits are abundant in the human body, and in access control, they are used to do a biometric enrolment and stored in a database. The stored traits can then be used to compare with future traits collected from the same individual to confirm with a degree of certainty that this person is the same person, whose traits are in the database.

    Biometric technologies confirm a person’s identity by scanning physical characteristics such as a fingerprint, voice, eye movement, facial recognition, and others. A typical biometric system operates in two distinct stages: the enrolment stage and the authentication stage. During enrolment, the physical traits of the subject are extracted, analysed, and put in a digital form called a template and stored in a database. To authenticate a user, the biometric data are once again acquired and processed, and a new template is created. The new template is matched against the template(s) stored in the database to identify a previously enrolled individual or to validate a claimed identity. Unlike other access control technologies, biometrics cannot be forgotten or stolen. Passwords are easily forgotten, keys and cards can easily be lost or forcibly taken away from us.

    Investigate and report on the role of ethics play during biometrics data collection raised in this case and link your answers to the questions listed below:
    • Why are some biometrics more trustworthy than others?
    • What role does ethics play during biometrics data collection and use in access control?
    • Discuss the following statement “Fingerprints as biometrics data are the most widely used, yet, they are the least trusted.”

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MN501 Network Management in Organisations