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How to write an essay and not die trying

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To begin with knowing how to write an essay, first we need to come to an agreement about what an essay is.

So, what is an essay?

The academic essay is a writing that is currently used: its formula is flexible and open, which is ideal for presenting ideas and defend a critical point of view from different optics. In other words, the essay is a text in which it is presented, valued and argue a position on a given issue.

What's its purpose?

The main purpose of an essay is to convince or persuade the reader to cause a change in their thinking, behaviour or attitude.

How is the essay written?

There is a possibility of writing an essay in the first person or third person, according to the areas of knowledge and characteristics of teachers. There are not many variabilities of the extension. It is often short, but it depends on the subject and the context in which it is written. The logical order of argumentation is often sought. The freedom of its structure is bound within the limitation of the university or college guidelines. The subjective interpretation of the author is predominant.

Among the most relevant characteristics of the academic essay are the following:



In general, it consists of a title, an introduction, the development of the arguments and a conclusion. In addition, you must provide the evidence or insinuate the author's position. Place the reader in the subject and contextualize, either in etymological, historical or conceptual. State the order in which it will be developed in the text. It is the idea that you want to defend, it appears at the end of the introduction and corresponds to the personal position of the author. With this as the base, the essay is built. The thesis is often written in a declarative manner (affirms or denies), it is not advisable to formulate it as a question.


The title should be clear, short and precise.  It can either be something general when there is nothing much said about something but often it should be about something particular and present something precise.


Present the arguments or reasons that support the thesis. These must be written in a logical order. On the other hand, the number of arguments must be enough to convince the reader and must be based on evidence that is felt credible by the reader.


The conclusion may contain a synthesis of the main ideas of the text and how they support the thesis, a call to action or the reflection on the part of the reader.


Choose a topic: You can choose any topic that interests you and that may interest others. It can also be one that has assigned to you by your teacher.

Look for information: Record the source of which you are taking the ideas. Read in a comprehensive way and reflective to identify those approaches that you can use in your favour.

Read and take notes: Read as much as you can and take notes of thing that you find valuable, interesting and worth sharing in your essay.

Take a position: Take one side of the two contrary arguments and defend it. Present credible evidence in making your case strong. 

The thesis statement: Your point of view is the most important and what characterizes the essays. Identify your critical position on the subject. It is a declarative sentence in which you express your opinion facing the issue. Remember that it is not a question and try to avoid using phrases like "in my opinion...", "I believe that ..." etc.

Plan your text: Define what you want to achieve, what are the arguments that you will use to persuade the reader and what the order will be of the arguments.

Arguments and contrasts:  Write the most appropriate arguments. Use a serious tone and an appropriate language for the academic field.

Check and correct: It is necessary that you reread your text and check whether your language is formal, whether the sentences are accurate or not. Do they have words that are missing or not fitting? Check if you can read it fluently or you must return to understand something, if the spelling is correct and if the text meets the purpose of persuading the reader.

Additional Advice: You can order your arguments according to their strength. Start with the strongest argument and finish with the weakest, or vice versa. You can group them by themes or authors. However, it is recommended that you start and finish with strong arguments.