Knowledge ownership is an ethical issue in KM. Knowledge ownership is a process of keeping knowledge-relevant and complete but KM systems sometimes lacks in knowledge ownership process due to incomplete information, system generates wrong knowledge. KM system would not able to establish connections among the data which may leads to the generation of wrong facts. Knowledge ownership directly effects the knowledge sharing process. Knowledge sharing process is a risky and difficult action. If information stored in the KM system is correct and complete then system generate accurate and meaningful information which can be used by the organization to fulfil the demands of the customers. if correct information is generated by KM system then people establish trust factor about knowledge. For the better implementation of KM system, organized hire employees entitled with- knowledge owner (who is responsible to check the information stored in KM system is correct or complete), knowledge engineer (who is responsible to manage and stored the generated information or knowledge). Successful knowledge management needs proper knowledge ownership and trust based organization culture in order to facilitate knowledge sharing process.
Ownership defines as the “the right to hold a thing entirely as one’s own, including complete and permanent control over it” and influences human decision-making ability as it is closely attached to human life. Thus, Knowledge ownership is crucial in knowledge management and have huge influence in knowledge sharing. Knowledge ownership plays an important role in psychology, corporate governance and sociology. Knowledge ownership includes three fundamental rights of ownership and that are:
A right to control over the knowledge
Right to share the knowledge with others,
A right to update knowledge
Knowledge ownership can be divided into two types:
Organizational ownership: Knowledge is shared among employees for the organization’s benefits.
Individual ownership: It will depend on the individual whether shared publically or not. In this case, knowledge is treated as a personal attribute.
Knowledge owner are typically within the support functions. Further, the support functions help the business process of an organization within a matrix organization and cross-cut the business structure. For example, in a manufacturing business there may be a manufacturing function along with the small team and chief manufacturing engineer of experts offers support to the manufacturing units. In a head office of an organization a person is also known as head of construction, who is along with the team of experts. Further, this is a common model, a model of team and corporate functional departments provide support and expertise to the business. Further, knowledge owners are those who have the role to manage or steward the organizational knowledge in a particular topic area. Further, they are experienced and experts in their fields and knowledge. Moreover, they ensure the development of the company and business process.
Knowledge owners are the individuals or people who are responsible for knowledge. a knowledge inventory and a set of documents. The knowledge owners are very essential for any organization. They have ownership of their own knowledge so that they can effectively help in managing and maintaining all the organizational information. Knowledge owner is responsible for keeping the correct knowledge and information. Knowledge owners usually performs tasks at a local and decentralized levels. Knowledge owner directly gets all the guidance under CKO (chief knowledge officer). Knowledge owners are very advantageous for the organization so that they can produce an appropriate outcome. Furthermore, Knowledge owners plays a very important role in order to achieve higher business opportunities effectively. Knowledge owners are therefore individuals who performs several actions and processes so that managing as well as maintaining overall knowledge to a specific topic of an organization.