In an organization, information security is very essential terminology that is used in order to protect overall information of an organization from malicious access. In an organization, security governance committee is established. This security governance committee keep an eye on all the processes and confidential data processes of an organization. Security governance committee is effectively performing processes such as managing, maintaining and controlling of an organizational data. In security governance committee, there are several individuals who works in order to manage all the security processes of an organization. Chief information security officer (CISO) is primarily responsible for the implementation of security measures in an organization effectively. Therefore, chief information officer manages and maintaining the overall information audit so that security of information becomes easy. CISO is responsible for reviewing all the security policies and controls so that some prevention steps are produced. He effectively analyses all the breached area so that overall better outcome is achieved. Scheduling of all periodic security audits are also outlined by chief information security officer. For any organization either it is small or a large enterprise, responsibility of chief security officer can be different for all organizations. It is very hard for the chief information security officer to keep track of all the information if cyberattack is imposed over there. At last, Chief information security officer is major individual for any organization in order to measure all the IS practices in an appropriate manner respectively.
The information security officer is responsible to lead the adoption or development of the information security policies, standards and procedures. Further, he is also responsible to complete and conduct the annual review of required HIPAA reports and regulations. The security policies of organization are efficiently monitored and maintained by the information security officer. These are the formal policies, which completely documented with the actual controls and mechanisms that includes the information and authentication of administrative, personnel Security, physical safeguards, technical security and transmission security. The security procedures include compliance and evaluation of security measures, emergency and disaster recovery procedures, process protocols, security incident response includes incident sanctions and reporting. Testing of security procedures measures and mechanisms. The mechanisms and security measures are also maintained appropriately by the information security officer in order to guard the unauthorized access to the stored information or transmitted data and also provides the protection against reasonably anticipated hazards and threats.
Considering the importance of information security within an organization, it is pivotal to give responsibility to implement information security measures in an organization. Generally, organization hires one person who have sufficient experience and knowledge of security measure and ability to lead the team. Implementation of information security measures within an organization is mainly the responsibility of chief information security officer. The information security officer provides the vision and strategies necessary to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of organization’s information. Information security officer coordinates with other departments to develop and deploy security related products in an organization.
Duties and responsibilities of information security officer to implement information security measures in organization:
Ø Create and establish information security strategies, polices and standards and administer supporting department to implement defined policies and standards.
Ø Coordinates information security related activities to other departments and report to senior administration. Information security officer communicate risks to higher management and find solution to manage information security risks of an organization.
Ø He/she is responsible to conduct information security awareness and education programs to enable employees aware of the security threats and its consequences.
Ø Leads the information security executive committee and coordinates the activities with the team so that security decisions do not interrupt business processes while maintaining the confidentiality, integrity, availability of organization’s information.
Ø Scan and detect vulnerabilities of system by utilizing security measures.
Ø He/She is responsible to align organization’s objectives with security measures in order to build a successful IT risk and compliance program.
Ø He/she is responsible to analyses threats, including evaluating the tools that monitor organization’s firewalls, entry points, database and other internal environments. Information security officer assess cyber-attacks and cyber intelligence in order to implement security mechanism.
Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) is a person who is responsible for implementing security measures within an organization. CISO should have technical knowledge so that he can able to implement best security policies for an organization. CISO has many roles and responsibilities in an organization but the key role of CISO is to protect organizational information from cyber threats. CISO is responsible to analyze real-time security operations and implement security mechanism over information security system such as firewalls. The other role of CISO is to identify team members, create monthly reports, hire solid security staff, embed security information policies in information security system. CISO deploy IT security software and hardware over information security system in order to enhance security aspects. He integrates protection strategies and security policies with IT system in order to create a security risk management program. CISO should able to predict and monitor cyber threat within the security infrastructures. He is responsible to develop disaster recovery plan which facilitates the organization to recover data that has been lost due to some uncertain condition or threat.
Following are the list of roles and responsibilities of CISO-
ü He is responsible for developing budget plan report for information security activities.
ü He also develops standard security policies to protect information from cyber threats.
ü He provides training to their employees regarding security awareness.
ü He also conducts programs in which he can create awareness about emerging threats and vulnerability in Information security.
ü CISO develops security metrics that contain entire information about the threat, and their impact.