Mechanical engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the design, analysis, design, construction and maintenance of machines, installations and industrial plants. It uses the principles of solid and fluid mechanics, thermodynamics and the laws of behavior of materials as well as mathematical formulations and economic criteria.
Mechanical engineering is related to everything that belongs to an industry such as structure and constructions. The term "machine" does not have a concept that differentiates one type of machine from another. One of the definitions of mechanical engineering is that ‘it is a set of solid elements placed in such a way that they channel the movement of a force to perform a job, as a result of certain movements that were previously set.’
It is an established engineering and recognized throughout the world with more than 200 years of existence. The name ‘Mechanical Engineering’ is widely recognized and little varies between countries.
There are other engineering projects based on Mechanics, such as aeronautics, public works engineering, road and canal engineering, materials engineering, industrial organization engineering, mining engineering and agronomic engineering.
WHY STUDY MECHANICAL ENGINEERING?
Mechanical engineering is responsible for the design, manufacture and maintenance of machines that convert energy into work and vice versa. It differs from electromechanical engineering because it presents a strong inclination in electronic and control issues, while mechanical engineering has a more marked design component.
A MECHANICAL ENGINEER SHOULD:
- Enjoy solving problems through science.
- Be able to develop skills and technical knowledge, as well as keep up with advances in technology.
- Good communication skills, as they must work as a team with other specialists, for example, geologists or medical professionals.
- Excellent management skills to organize resources.
- The ability to encourage other team members to take the initiative and present new ideas.
- Good computer skills.
- Communication ability to write reports and explain complex engineering information to people without technical knowledge.
- Comply with the deadlines for delivery of work.
- Be able to stay calm and work well under pressure.
- Be willing to take responsibility, and direct and motivate the other members of the team.
- Skills for computer-aided design.
- Skills for project management.
- Organizational capabilities.
- Directs and manages mechanical manufacturing processes, such as filling, mixing and packaging.
- Directs and supervises a team of technical engineers.
- Design and develop agricultural engineering products and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) technology.
- Design, build and operate fixed and mobile oil platforms.
- Ability to design.
- Practical skills.
- Research and design security elements for automobiles.
- Plan maintenance programs for manufacturing equipment.
- It is responsible for budget management.
In this branch of engineering, you will also find several areas of interest. Within them are the thermal mechanics, mechanics of the rigid bodies as well as the static area. Some of them are-
- Thermal Mechanics
This area of interest focuses on processes, machines and refrigeration systems, whether of a general or industrial type. It also touches the issue of boilers, as well as gas, steam.
- Rigid Bodies
Despite the action, force or load that is exerted on it, the rigid bodies do not deform or have a modification that is negligible. This area is of great value in mechanical engineering.
- Static Mechanics
In this area, studies are focused on knowing the balance of the elements, whether they are in motion or not.
- Dynamic Mechanics
With obvious relation to the previous area, you should know that in this case, the central theme of the study is the accelerated movement of the elements and the bodies.
In addition to the previous areas of interest, you can also touch the following-
- Mechanics of deformable bodies: which helps to know the resistance, stability, deformation features and rigidity of the bodies. For this, an analysis is clearly done through the use of charges.
- The mechanics of fluid: as its name tells us is the one that studies the behavior and the laws of fluids. In this particular case, you can find two branches known as incompressible fluids, that is, fluids that do not allow compression, and compressible fluids.