Scruitinising into the fors and against of death penalty
An evaluation of the righteousness of Death penalty
Life certainly does not come by choice. Taking it away by choice, should neither be an option. Nor the man himself or any law should have the authority to take the life of a man. However, the law of capital punishment goes againts the nature laws. It is the order given by a legal body of a country to give death penalty to a human being. These are done in the rarest of the cases, when the criminal offence of a person is simply beyond the terms of acceptance. The capital punishment is given in few of the very henious acts. The categories and the monstrous crimes for which the death penalty can be given are pre defined in the law of every country. In fact there are few countries in the world who are quite open about giving death penalty, where as ther as some who condemn this act and do no give it a place in its legal practise.
Death penalty is the punishment that is given for most of the horrendous acts by the lgeal institutions of the world. It can be processed by various means such as hanging till death, crucifiction or beheading. The means generally vary as per the communal practises of a region.
History of death penalty
Death penalty has been experienced by the human society from very long. It has been witnessed as the biggest step in the human history to punish a man for his wrong deeds. Though, the death penalty was a common scenario, in the earlier centuries. From the 7th Century B.C.’s Draconian Code of Athen to the 14th century B.C.’s Hittite Code, death penalty has been a part of the global law system from very long. It even got practised till the 18th Century B.C. in the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon, in which there are 25 crimes which were termed accountable for the death punishment.
Going back to the Tenth Century A.D in Britain, where execution was considered as a common step for putting an end to criminal activities. However, in the next century William the Conqueror, commanded death penalty only at the times of war. This did not last for long as under the rule of Henry VIII, a huge number i.e. 72000 people were punished to death. In fact, the modes of execution were also very inhuman such as boiling, burning, quartering, beheading or drowning.
The criminals used to be punished with death penalty even for stealing or cutting down a tree. The ways of giving the punishment varied from crucifixion to beheading to hanging or even drowning in the water. But, later, beginning from the 18th century, laws started to change and around 200 crimes were taken away from the list of death punishment. In this regard, Britain has been the first country to amend laws and list some definite crimes which should be considered under the level of horrendous acts. It is after britain brought a change in its death penalty laws in the 18th century, then America and other countries began to change its capital punishment rules.
Why the death penalty should be abolished
There are a number of reasons to abolish death penalty. Given below are some of them:
The dead cannot be resurrected: Human beings make mistakes and as the judiciary is composed of human beings, it can commit mistakes too. There have already been many incidents in which the people sentenced to death penalty, later got proved as innocent. For example, in 1992, an American man, Cameron Todd Willingham was convicted of arson murder of his three daughters in Texas. Then, after nearly 12 years in 2004, he was put to death. But, later the Texas Forensic Science Commission found that the testimony was misinterpreted at that time. They declared that there was no proper valid evidence against Cameron. However, sadly! By that time nothing could be done as Cameron was already dead. This is one example and there are many more. Thus, the death penalty should be abolished as the dead cannot be resurrected.
There is no evidence that it decreases crime: Different countries see death penalty as a medium to limit crime. But, there is no valid evidence to support that death penalty actually decreases crime.For example, according to UN the murder rate was 57 per 100,000 people in Jamaica in 2017, where death penalty is legal. But, the murder rate was 41.7 per 10,000 people in Honduras in 2017 where there is no death penalty. This clearly highlights that death penalty doesn’t necessarily decrease crime.
It is not a fair means of punishment: Corruption is an integral part of the world. The rich try to escape the death penalty with their money and sadly they often succeed too. But, the poor lack the means to even hire a good lawyer for themselves. As a result, they find it challenging to prove their innocence even when they are innocent. This way, death penalty just like many other penalities is not a fair means of punishment. It weighs heavy on the poor and underprivileged, whereas the rich and powerful often escape from it. For example, according to the Equal Justice Initiative 95% of the convicts struck on death row in the United States belong to underprivileged backgrounds. They don’t have their own lawyers and the proper means to fight their cases. As a result, their cases keep lingering on. Another similar example comes from India where a study was conducted on 373 death row convicts over 15 years. The findings were shocking as they highlighted that three fourth of the convicts who were given the death penalty belonged to backward classes and minorities. Also, 75% of them belonged to Economically Weaker Sections.
It is often utilized in political rivalry: The death penalty is used as a political tool in many cases. People in power use it as a means to get rid of their rivals and opposition. According to a renowned barrister, Julian McMahan, nearly all executions he has known have a political basis. Not only this, several studies have shown that in Pakistan, the death penalty is being used as a political tool. Thus, the death sentence is often utilized for political rivalry.
It is not in alignment with human rights: The right to life is the most basic right of all human beings. But, the death penalty is not in alignment with it. Not only this, it subjects people to torture and inhumane treatment, which is against the human right of not being subjected to such cruel acts. So, the death penalty is not in alignment with human rights.
Arguments for the death penalty
Death penalty though is not much appreciated by the laws of the world. Still, there are some arguments, which state this practice as rightful. Following is the mention of few of them:
1. A way to discourage future crimes:
The monstrous acts of humans can not be justified at any cost including the horrendous crimes such as rapes and murders. By executing death punishment to such crimes, the judicial systems of different countries try to discourage their occurrence in the future. No doubt, such crimes still continue to happen, but the threat of death penalty is considered to be effective in decreasing their rate of happening.
2. To balance the act and give justice to the sufferer and his family:
The death penalty is used to balance the act and give justic to the sufferer and his family. Afterall, the culprit who committed the crime didn't treat the victim humanely, so why should he be treated humanely? This is what the believers of death penalty say. Further, they also believe that leaving a culprit of murder related crimes alive is a huge injustice to the family of the victim. It aggravates their pain even more. So, the believers of death penalty believe that it is necessary to give justice to the victim and his family.
3. Giving more power to law:
By giving police and judicial system the power to give death penalty, the government of a country automatically, transfers more power in the hands of the system. This gives them the reason and the authority to control the public in a more dominating manner. Also, when the legal system of a country is more authoritarian, then the people of the country respect and value the policemen and the legalities all the more.
4. Giving reason to the people to fear from the law of court:
People abide by the law only when they have the fear of receiving a dangerous punishment. Many times, people with a culprit mindset, don’t even fear imprisonment. They only fear death. So, the existence of the death penalty gives more power to law and helps the government control the culprit minded people.
5. To prevent the repetition of the crime:
An odd and negative mind cannot be stopped from repeating the crime, if he does not wish to revert. Even after suffering from imprisonment, he will have the tendency to repeat the crime after being released. As a result, leaving the culprits of most violent crimes like murder and rape, out in the society again can be a huge mistake. So, the judicial systems of different countries utilize the death penalty as a means to prevent the repetition of the crime.
The students of the college get a lot of assignments on death penalty. For this, they are required to conduct a massive research and then jot down the relative points. Through this section, Assignmenthelp4me takes a step forward in helping the students write a productive essay.
Death penalty- An act against the law of the nature or a righteous punishment?
Life and death are the two biggest occasions of life. These mark the cause of beginning and ending of a human life. It is with sheer blessings of the divine power that a man get his human life. Also, it is said that a man must involve himself into the greatest of the positive deeds, to express his gratitude and admiration towards the almighty. Moreover, when coming to this world is not in the hands of humans, then how can a human brain plan or order the departure of the human soul from this earth. There are a lot of arguments for the same. This essay details the same topic with certain imperative facts and figures.
Thesis statement Ordering the death penalty for a crime is the highest power that the jurisdiction of any country holds. However, it is completely against nature and shuts down any hope for the improvement of the individual in concern. This essay discussed the righteousness of the execution of capital punishment. It also answers the following questions:
Does it lead to reduction in the number of crime cases?
Is this not an act of playing against human laws?
Does it give more power to the legal system?
Now, the very first point that comes across in concern of the capital punishment is that it does not lead to lowering down of the criminal cases. There has been no certain evidence which states that death penalty results in reduction of the criminal cases. In fact, the cases have seen a surge with each passing year. To explain the same, the situation of increasing homicide cases can be taken. In spite of imposing death penalty on the crime 4,64,000 people have reported to die globally from homicide in 2017. This number is certainly higher than 3,85,000, which was noted in 2016. These figures highlight the fact that the cases of homicide has been increasing despite the imposition of death penalty.
Moreover, giving death penalty to a human being is an act completely against the law of nature. A human being does not hold any right to act against the decision of God and take the life of another human. It is like doing one more crime to subdue the effects of the other. For example if a person has murdered someone, the very reason behind it needs to be worked upon. Giving him the capital punishment is like turning heads from reality and the possibility of betterment. In fact, if some energy and time is invested upon his case, then he can probably be turned into a good human being. He can be sent to a rehabilitation centre, where his mind can be revamped to a positive and enthusiastic human being, who wants to work for the good of the society.
On other hand, the supporters of capital punishment argue that this act gives more power to the law and order of the society. They say, it is with this system that people start respecting the legal system and the police of the country. According to them, the stricter the laws are, the better disciplined the citizens of the country are. For example, In Dubai and other parts of UAE, the laws are very strict and they are very much in support of capital punishment. This is the reason that people fear to conduct any crime against women or other criminal acts. The severity of these laws have brought in much discipline to the nations. This can be concluded by the reports produced by Statista Research Department. The reports state that will murder rate in 2018 in Dubai has gown down to 0.1/1000 people as compared to 0.3/1000 people in 2013.in fact the total crime rate of the city has reduced magnifiscently. It has come down to 33.4/ 1Lac people in 2018 from 58.6 in the year 2013.
Though, many people contradict the views of a polite and reformative world. Still, if steps are taken to abolish the laws of death penalty, then the world can look forward to produce even better human beings. There is no need to release the hard core criminals and leave them open. Rather, they should be treated physically and mentally. There is a greater need to amend those evil minds and bring them closer to the nature of God. It is when they meet the beauty of almighty, then they realise their inner strength and the purpose they have been gifted this plentiful life. After and when these people have reformed into a total new being, then their selfless souls can be lent to serve good to the society. Darius Clark Monroe, robbed a bank at the age of 16. After coming from the prison, he documented an Evolution of a Criminal, autobiographical feature film. The film talks about the reasons that pushed him to the robbery and after 14 years of his release, he even went back to the prison and shared his reincarnation story with the present prisoners there. Thus, every country and every person should hold this view and look at the world with a positive lens and hope of positivity.
The laws of the country are simply against committing any heinous crimes. Still, if a person commits the crime, he is punished with the hardest of the punishments. However, giving death penalty is not the solution. It is the enactment of another crime in fact. Therefore, better laws and reestablishment policies should be introduced in the countries of the world, to help such sick minded people come out of the evil circle and adopt the path of peace and betterment.